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10g R2 RAC on vmware

after burning midnight oils for many days I was able to get 10g RAC installed on windows 2003 enterprize edition using vmware. I later installed 10g RAC on linux later in the year. Below links were major help to me.

http://www.oracle-base.com/articles/10g/OracleDB10gR2RACInstallationOnWindows2003UsingVMware.php

http://www.dbasupport.com/oracle/ora10g/RACingAhead0101.shtml

http://forums.oracle.com/forums/thread.jspa?messageID=1123638


http://www.idevelopment.info/data/Oracle/DBA_tips/Oracle10gRAC/CLUSTER_14.shtml#Overview

http://www.oracle.com/technology/obe/10gr2_db_vmware/manage/clusterintro/clusterintro.htm



After long work and long sleep on blog I'm presenting some more useful links:

-- Listed in order as I found them and kept in store for U in random fashion --
http://www.vmware.com/community/thread.jspa?messageID=737640

http://dba.ipbhost.com/index.php?showtopic=8138

http://edelivery.oracle.com/EPD/GetUserInfo/get_form?caller=LinuxWelcome
http://www.oracle.com/technology/pub/articles/calish_file_commands.html



http://forums.oracle.com/forums/thread.jspa?threadID=345155

http://esemrick.blogspot.com/

http://www.oracle.com/technology/oramag/oracle/04-jul/index.html

http://download.oracle.com/docs/cd/B28359_01/server.111/b28310/undo007.htm

http://advancyn.com/advancyn/

http://www.pythian.com/blogs/279/failovers-with-oracle-dataguard


http://www.bloggingaboutoracle.org/archives/poc-maa-blog-10-implementing-a-physical-standby-database


http://www.orafaq.com/forum/t/70522/0/


http://www.idevelopment.info/cgi/ORACLE_dba_tips.cgi



http://www.bijoos.com/oracle/unix4dba1.htm

http://www.idevelopment.info/data/Oracle/DBA_tips/Unix/UNIX_3.shtml

http://www.idevelopment.info/cgi/ORACLE_dba_tips.cgi#Unix

http://www.oraclecoach.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=48&Itemid=1

http://kevinclosson.wordpress.com/2006/12/17/partition-or-real-application-clusters-will-not-work/

http://www.cnetics.com/RAC_tips.shtml


***********************



http://www.dbasupport.com/forums/archive/index.php/t-11409.html

http://www.dizwell.com/prod/node/681?page=0%2C3





*************
http://dbaworkshop.blogspot.com/2007/01/oracle-10g-rac-installation-using.html
http://vault.centos.org/4.2/isos/i386/

http://www.oracle.com/technology/pub/articles/hunter_rac10gr2.html





http://www.idevelopment.info/data/Oracle/DBA_tips/VMware_Workstation_50/VMWARE_11.shtml


http://www.idevelopment.info/data/Oracle/DBA_tips/VMware_Workstation_50/VMWARE_31.shtml


http://blogs.smokeytech.com/blogs/index.php?blog=1&p=38&more=1&c=1&tb=1&pb=1



http://kevinclosson.wordpress.com/


http://startoracle.com/2007/09/30/so-you-want-to-play-with-oracle-11gs-rac-heres-how/


FOR FTP ********************

http://www.linux.com/base/ldp/howto/FTP-3.html



http://www.phy.duke.edu/~rgb/Beowulf/smp-faq/prive/mentre/smp-faq/smp-faq-3.html


http://www.oracle.com/technology/pub/articles/smiley_10gdb_install.html

http://www.dbazine.com/olc/olc-articles/still5


http://download.oracle.com/docs/cd/B28359_01/server.111/b31107/asmdiskgrps.htm#i1020539


_________________________

http://download-uk.oracle.com/docs/cd/B10501_01/rac.920/a96600/cfgdsk.htm

http://www.puschitz.com/InstallingOracle9iRAC.shtml#StartingAndStoppingOracle9iClusterManager





C:\Documents and Settings\pradeep.singh\Desktop\zodiac\temp\Installing Oracle9i (9_2_0) on Red Hat Linux 8_0 using RAW devices.htm


http://www.dell.com/content/topics/global.aspx/power/en/ps3q03_mahmoodmigration?c=us&cs=555&l=en&s=biz


http://www.ardentperf.com/



http://articles.techrepublic.com.com/5100-1035-5224960.html


While I was able to instal log R2 RAc on vmware CentOS 4, I needed to troubleshoot for GSD and ons errors. Following is inline from http://blog.360.yahoo.com/blog-sWxKwVc0YarVsfeFmtf3gg--?cq=1&p=47
Manually register Oracle CRS resources (listeners, ASM) ----------------------------------------------
Create listeners
----------------------------------------------
In my example, after Oracle 10g Database software installed, when running "netca" to configure listener, the following error happened: "CRS-0259" Owner of the resource does not belong to the group.

The listener file was created, but not complete.

$ cat listener.ora
# listener.ora.sles101 Network Configuration File: /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora.sles101
# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

SID_LIST_LISTENER_SLES101 =
(SID_LIST =
(SID_DESC =
(SID_NAME = PLSExtProc)
(ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2/db_1)
(PROGRAM = extproc)
)
)

LISTENER_SLES101 =
(DESCRIPTION_LIST =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(PORT = 1521)(IP = FIRST))
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 172.16.2.145)(PORT = 1521)(IP = FIRST))
)
)

Modify the listener.ora file:
$ cat listener.ora
# listener.ora.sles101 Network Configuration File: /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora.sles101
# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.

SID_LIST_LISTENER_SLES101 =
(SID_LIST =
(SID_DESC =
(SID_NAME = PLSExtProc)
(ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1)
(PROGRAM = extproc)
)
)

LISTENER_SLES101 =
(DESCRIPTION_LIST =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = sles101-vip.test.com)(PORT = 1521)(IP = FIRST))
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 172.16.2.145)(PORT = 1521)(IP = FIRST))
)
)

Then, start the listener manually by running "lsnctrl start LISTENER_SLES101".We will find that the server already started listening on port 1521 by both public IP And VIP.
$ netstat -nltp|grep 1521
(Not all processes could be identified, non-owned process info
will not be shown, you would have to be root to see it all.)
tcp 0 0 172.16.2.145:1521 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 18449/tnslsnr
tcp 0 0 172.16.2.147:1521 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 18449/tnslsnr

Although the listener could be started, while check the crs status by running "crs_stat -t", we will find that listener resources were not registered.

$ ./crs_stat -t
Name Type Target State Host
------------------------------------------------------------
ora....101.gsd application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.ons application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.vip application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....102.gsd application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....102.ons application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....102.vip application ONLINE ONLINE sles102

Register manually by running "crs_register listener", got the following error:
$ crs_register listener
CRS-0181: Cannot access the resource profile '/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs_1/crs/public/listener.cap'.

If we check other RAC machines that runs correctly, we will find some listener cap files like:
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall 848 2006-11-25 18:42 ora.sles103.LISTENER_SLES101.lsnr.cap
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall 848 2006-11-25 18:42 ora.sles104.LISTENER_SLES102.lsnr.cap

So we need to create manually 2 cap files - ora.sles101.LISTENER_SLES101.lsnr.cap, ora.sles102.LISTENER_SLES102.lsnr.cap under path "/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs_1/crs/public/"

$ cat ora.sles101.LISTENER_SLES101.lsnr.cap
NAME=ora.sles101.LISTENER_SLES101.lsnr
TYPE=application
ACTION_SCRIPT=/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/bin/racgwrap
ACTIVE_PLACEMENT=0
AUTO_START=1
CHECK_INTERVAL=600
DESCRIPTION=CRS application for listener on node
FAILOVER_DELAY=0
FAILURE_INTERVAL=0
FAILURE_THRESHOLD=0
HOSTING_MEMBERS=sles101
OPTIONAL_RESOURCES=
PLACEMENT=restricted
REQUIRED_RESOURCES=ora.sles101.vip
RESTART_ATTEMPTS=5
SCRIPT_TIMEOUT=600
START_TIMEOUT=0
STOP_TIMEOUT=0
UPTIME_THRESHOLD=7d
USR_ORA_ALERT_NAME=
USR_ORA_CHECK_TIMEOUT=0
USR_ORA_CONNECT_STR=/ as sysdba
USR_ORA_DEBUG=0
USR_ORA_DISCONNECT=false
USR_ORA_FLAGS=
USR_ORA_IF=
USR_ORA_INST_NOT_SHUTDOWN=
USR_ORA_LANG=
USR_ORA_NETMASK=
USR_ORA_OPEN_MODE=
USR_ORA_OPI=false
USR_ORA_PFILE=
USR_ORA_PRECONNECT=none
USR_ORA_SRV=
USR_ORA_START_TIMEOUT=0
USR_ORA_STOP_MODE=immediate
USR_ORA_STOP_TIMEOUT=0
USR_ORA_VIP=

$ ll
total 12
drwxrwxrwt 2 oracle users 192 2006-11-25 18:42 .
drwxr-xr-x 14 oracle oinstall 336 2006-11-24 19:13 ..
-rw-rw---- 1 oracle users 3396 2004-08-03 11:26 action_scr.scr
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall 848 2006-11-25 18:42 ora.sles101.LISTENER_SLES101.lsnr.cap
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall 848 2006-11-25 18:42 ora.sles102.LISTENER_SLES102.lsnr.cap
[oracle@sles101 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs_1/crs/public]


Register the 2 listeners again:

$ crs_register ora.sles101.LISTENER_SLES101.lsnr
$ crs_register ora.sles102.LISTENER_SLES102.lsnr

$ crs_stat -t
Name Type Target State Host
------------------------------------------------------------
ora....01.lsnr application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora....101.gsd application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.ons application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.vip application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....02.lsnr application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora....102.gsd application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....102.ons application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....102.vip application ONLINE ONLINE sles102

Stop and restart the listener on sles101:
$ lsnrctl stop

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on 25-NOV-2006 19:20:25

Copyright (c) 1991, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Connecting to (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1521))
The command completed successfully
[oracle@sles104 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/bin]
$ lsnrctl start LISTENER_SLES101

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on 25-NOV-2006 19:20:50

Copyright (c) 1991, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Starting /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/bin/tnslsnr: please wait...

TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
System parameter file is /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora
Log messages written to /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/log/listener_sles101.log
Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=172.16.2.145)(PORT=1521)))
Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=172.16.2.147)(PORT=1521)))

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=sles101-vip.test.com)(PORT=1521)(IP=FIRST)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias LISTENER_SLES101
Version TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
Start Date 25-NOV-2006 19:20:50
Uptime 0 days 0 hr. 0 min. 0 sec
Trace Level off
Security ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP OFF
Listener Parameter File /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1/network/log/listener_sles101.log
Listening Endpoints Summary...
(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=172.16.2.147)(PORT=1521)))
(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=172.16.2.145)(PORT=1521)))
Services Summary...
Service "PLSExtProc" has 1 instance(s).
Instance "PLSExtProc", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully

Check the CRS status again, we will find listener resources registered for machine sles101.
[oracle@sles101 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs_1/bin]
$ ./crs_stat -t
Name Type Target State Host
------------------------------------------------------------
ora....01.lsnr application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.gsd application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.ons application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.vip application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....02.lsnr application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora....102.gsd application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....102.ons application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....102.vip application ONLINE ONLINE sles102

The register process does not need to be run again on the other machine, only one registeration on one machine is required. Just stop and restart the listener on the other node, the registration process is now completed successfully.

$ ./crs_stat -t
Name Type Target State Host
------------------------------------------------------------
ora....01.lsnr application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.gsd application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.ons application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.vip application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....02.lsnr application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....102.gsd application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....102.ons application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....102.vip application ONLINE ONLINE sles102

----------------------------------------------
Add ASM instance resources
----------------------------------------------
In this example, it assumes that ASM instances have been created on both RAC nodes, but they are not registered with CRS, therefore, they are non-clusterware, and could not be used to create an RAC database.

'srvctl' command line will be used to manage/add CRS instances in Oracle 10g, but in SuSE10.1, some modifications have to be applied before running it.

1. Backup file 'srvctl'
$ cp srvctl srvctl.bak

2. Uncomment the export of LD_ASSUME_KERNEL
$ cat srvctl.bak | sed "s/export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL/#export LD_ASSUME_KERNEL/" > srvctl

3. Run 'srvctl' to add ASM resources into the CRS.
Use the srvctl add asm command with the following syntax:
srvctl add asm -n node_name -i asm_instance_name -o oracle_home
(For asm_instance_name, just use ASM1 or ASM2, do not use full name like "ora.sles101.ASM1.asm")

[oracle@sles101 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs_1/bin]
$ ./srvctl add asm -n sles101 -i ASM1 -o /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1
[oracle@sles101 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs_1/bin]
$ ./srvctl add asm -n sles102 -i ASM2 -o /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1
[oracle@sles101 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs_1/bin]

If you do not uncomment LD_ASSUME_KERNEL, you will get error message:
[oracle@sles101 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs_1/bin]
$ ./srvctl add asm -n sles101 -i ASM1 -o /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/db_1
/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs_1/jdk/jre/bin/java: error while loading shared libraries: libpthread.so.0: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

If you run 'srvctl' in path '/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs_1/bin', remember to add './' before 'srvctl', otherwise, you will also get error message:

$ srvctl
/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs_1/jdk/jre/bin/java: error while loading shared libraries: libpthread.so.0: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

4. Check the status, the ASM instance created, but the state is "OFFLINE"
$ ./crs_stat -t
Name Type Target State Host
------------------------------------------------------------
ora....SM1.asm application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora....01.lsnr application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.gsd application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.ons application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.vip application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....SM2.asm application OFFLINE OFFLINE
ora....02.lsnr application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....102.gsd application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....102.ons application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....102.vip application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
[oracle@sles101 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs_1/bin]

5. Start the registered ASM resources manually.
$ ./crs_start ora.sles101.ASM1.asm
Attempting to start `ora.sles101.ASM1.asm` on member `sles101`
Start of `ora.sles101.ASM1.asm` on member `sles101` succeeded.
[oracle@sles101 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs_1/bin]
$ ./crs_start ora.sles102.ASM2.asm
Attempting to start `ora.sles102.ASM2.asm` on member `sles102`
Start of `ora.sles102.ASM2.asm` on member `sles102` succeeded.
[oracle@sles101 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs_1/bin]
$ ./crs_stat -t
Name Type Target State Host
------------------------------------------------------------
ora....SM1.asm application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....01.lsnr application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.gsd application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.ons application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....101.vip application ONLINE ONLINE sles101
ora....SM2.asm application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....02.lsnr application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....102.gsd application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....102.ons application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
ora....102.vip application ONLINE ONLINE sles102
[oracle@sles101 /u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/crs_1/bin]

Now, the ASM instances are registered with CRS, and you can use 'dbca' to create RAC database.
Tags: oracle, suse

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